The German invasion of the Netherlands was, well, a bit of a foregone conclusion. The Dutch army hadn’t fought a proper battle sinds the 18th century – it was completely out of touch with military reality. They were certain they could kick out the enemy just like they did to the Spanish back in 1648. But when the Germans came to the party it all went bad; the Fallschirmjäger and Panzer had passed Dutch lines before these had all had breakfast. – the Dutch officers insisted there was time to spare.
Since Holland was strategically somewhat unimportant, conquering it was left to a relatively small force, including the 9th Panzer Division. These raced towards Dordrecht, the Southern gateway to the city-provinces of North and South Holland. From there, they were to advance towards Rotterdam (with its large harbour) and Den Haag (with the gouvernment). Since I -at the moment of writing- live near one of their routes it seemed fun to write about. So here goes.
After the failed attack of May 11th, Dutch troops remained entrenched along the Oude Maas near the old bridge at Barendrecht, now replaced by the Heinenoord tunnel. Actually, neither the Dutch nor the Germans had any real intention of crossing the river.
That changed on the 13th, when in the afternoon a light German tank platoon (I./PR.33) was ordered to drive off the Dutch defenders. It was equipped with four Pz.IIs and Leutnant Grix was told to bring along his Pz.III. The troops of the German IR.16 that occuped the bank designed a plan of attack. Behind the Southern dike, two Pz.II on either side of the bridge prepared their attack. Together with machine guns and mortars of the airborne troops they would force the defense into coverage. Two Pz.II and Grix’ Pz.III would then attack across the bridge and destroy the Dutch heavy weapons.
On the Dutch side were one and a half company of 3.GB (border guards), five heavy machine guns and two AT guns. Both pieces were not directly in line of sight with the bridge but a little further back in order to avoid German fire.
The German attack was preceded by a sudden artillery attack, which led to panic among the Dutch troops in neighbouring sectors. The bridge’s defenders, though, remained cool. The German tanks were on the southern end of the bridge when the AT guns started firing. Four shells hit the leading Pz.III, disabling it – while it killed a Dutch gun crew. The two Pz.II’s were knocked out by the other AT gun – one was hit in its ammunition storage so that the tank exploded and burnt like a torch. The crews of the tanks took cover between the tram tracks on the bridge, while behind them their airborne comrades gave fire support. Under cover of darkness they could later withdraw.
So, the German attack had failed. One would expect the defender’s morale to be quite high, especially after their less successful operations on the 10th and 11th of May. The Dutch army leadership, however, ordered a general retreat because of a) sounds of battle and b) rumours of a German breakthrough (which were at the time untrue). Thus the only decent attempt at defending “Fortress Holland” also had a seriously negative effect on the Dutch defenses.
- “DIE DEUTSCHEN DIVISIONEN 1939-1945, Band 2”, Peter Schmitz, Klaus-Jürgen Thies, Günter Wegmann & Christian Zweng